premier reverse osmosis water filtration system 5 stage Five ways California vintners are weathering

premier reverse osmosis water filtration system 5 stage Five ways California vintners are weathering climate change

by:Ocpuritech     2019-08-11
premier reverse osmosis water filtration system 5 stage Five ways California vintners are weathering climate change
The Arctic ice crown is almost gone and the glaciers are melting.European wineries are dealing with changes in warm temperatures, droughts and rain and weather patterns, however, although many California wineries are taking many steps to reduce their carbon footprint, most people don't seem too worried about how climate change affects their wines.The reason is simple.They haven't seen anything that they haven't dealt with yet.While local wine growers are hit by global warming in the Pacific, they have been reacting to other climate changes for years."Climate change is not just global warming," warned Greg Jones, a climate expert from the University of Southern Oregon ."."While some areas are getting hotter and hotter, other areas are experiencing extreme weather and changes.He added: "Most (Growers) in California do not do much in terms of adaptation, because the threshold is not reached in many ways.However, if we fall into a long drought, observe the changes."In the wine region of northern California, what growers see is not obvious warming, but unusual extreme weather.Current research on Jones and Gregory BAmong other things, Goodrich of Western Kentucky University only showed that the average temperature in Napa Valley rose by 1 to 2 degrees Fahrenheit, mainly at night rather than during the day.Some growers believe that Napa Valley may actually be cool because of the warmth of the Inland Valley and attract cold coastal air and fog;In fact, the past few years have been unusually cool.But cumulative degreeThe number of days to measure total heat accumulation increased significantly;585 degrees-days in St.From 1930 to 2004, Helena.Increase means increase in sugar contentAnd more wine.Grapes will mature unless measures are taken to reduce the impact.Similarly, Nick Frey, executive director of the Sonoma County wine committee, said, "since we are close to the coast, Sonoma County may have a buffer against the inland area."Mendocino may even benefit from change.The Mendocino wine growers union claims that since the 1960 s, the ukaya Valley in Mendocino has gradually cooled to match the Napa Valley;It used to be very hot.The lack of local evidence in any case does not mean that the industry is in trouble.Napa Valley wine merchants created a task force to work with the Scripps Marine Institute and local growers to learn how to adapt agricultural practices to compensate for changes.While many local growers say they have not done anything different due to the warming of the climate, others are changing their approach --But they say they react to the unstable weather, not just the heat."We are not making these changes specifically to cope with climate change, but to cope with extreme weather," said garlitte Buckland, vice president of grape cultivation services at Napa premiere.Or as Jon Ruhr, director of grape cultivation at trefetti Family Vineyards, said: "We do not grow on average every year.We are ready for everything nature has given us."This year, this includes strong Frost, rain in full bloom --Could damage potential grapes.And the untimely heatFor many local grape growers, like Steve matayassen, president of the premiere grape planting service, the biggest concern is the intense hot weather."High temperature is the biggest problem," he said .""They seem to be getting worse and worse."There are five ways for growers and winemakers to cope with the new weather pattern.Grape growers are growing more and more in cool areas, and some once thought the grapes were growing too cold.Many growers are gradually approaching the Pacific Coast and San Francisco Bay.Carneros is now considered ideal for Merlot and Syrah grown in the warm upper Napa Valley, while simalin is sprouting in more and more vineyards.Sorano and ILO counties benefit even the cool areas of San Benito County.Overall, however, the hottest destinations are the cool coastal and mountainous areas of Sonoma.Top wines come from vineyards planted on a ridge in the cold Pacific near Annapolis, top Pacific vineyards and other growers and wineries of the Hartford court winery of Jesse Jackson have grown wine in the cold areas of the Russian Valley, napa's Joseph Phelps and Malima Torres have been buying properties in the Andson Valley (Mendocino County) while other wineries in warmer areas like the dry valley.Ferrari-Carano, for example, recently acquired the Lazy Creek Vineyard.Some people even go north.Grape cultivation has increased in Humboldt County.California wineries are increasingly looking at Oregon and Washington state, including Pine Ridge in Napa, creating archery Ridge in Oregon and recently buying a vineyard in Washington state.Randall Graham of Santa Cruz has set up a Pacific Rim winery in Washington state to produce recommander wines, and the large Napa grape growers Pacific Vineyards have purchased land in Oregon and Washington state.Some growers choose altitude in a mild climate.The name of the summit of Napa County like Howell Mountain and Atlas Peak is very popular, while many vineyards are planted in lakes above 2,000 feet above sea level, Sonoma and Mendocino County2.Protect grape growers to manage their vineyards so that they can cope with extreme weather and unstable rainfall.Shade of grapes is the primary consideration.Vine orientation is the best way to color grapes, but few growers change the existing pattern unless it needs to be replanted for other reasons.Jim Vichy, 15Akry changlovesickness vineyard north of Napa is fortunate that his vines are grown from northeast to southwest, close to the best direction.This maximizes exposure in the early and late stages, while minimizing heat at noon.Grape growers can also remove fewer leaves from the vine, a practice that ensures maturity.Nick Frey of the Sonoma County Grape Board says Crown management is the main weapon for growers."Start with more consideration of the direction of the row and the type of grid," he said ."."They also reduce the leaves on one side of the Sun relative to the shade side of the grape tree.The narrower rows also provide more shade and less heating for the soil and vines."Verhey's vines are managed by garlitte Buckland, the premiere grape cultivation service, who basically gave up" vertical shooting positioning ", which is a fashionHe replaced them with a modified "seven strings", a tall and narrow Y-Like a frame, divide the cane into two sloping sheets, partially blocking the grapes while opening the center of the row to light up the light.It also provides better ventilation to reduce the chance of decay and mildew.These technologies come from regions such as Europe, where it rains during the growing season, and it is rare until recently in California.Other growers are trying to remove the first buds from the growing vines;the later-After the growth buds mature, do not develop so much sugar.3.Choosing different grapes and winemakers, consultant Clark Smith said that new varieties of clones or more familiar varieties may be key to continuing to grow popular grapes if climate change occurs."They can be like different varieties."But the best estimate from climate expert Greg Jones is that the average temperature of top wines increases by 3 to 4 degrees F.The growing region of the Western United States in the coming decades.This will force many planting areas to consider planting alternative varieties.More and more practices may have to change.Traditionally, California wine producers manage Glenner and Carini with high yields, producing mediocre wines.In Europe, they often grow under harsh conditions and produce excellent wines.In Napa County, Chardonnay has retreated from the warm upstream valley to the cool younville and the South, especially kaneiros, to be replaced by more suitable peopleAdmittedly more profitableCabernet.Not less than Gallo tested new varieties at different test sites.It may have the largest Tannat plantation in the state, usually in southern France and Uruguay, at the ranch of Paso Robles.The company mixes it with Bridlewood Wines in Santa Barbara County.Lesser-Grapes from the Mediterranean may be useful.Doug Fletcher points out that growers may grow white people from Spain and Italy, such as ditufo, fiano, frankinghina and verdhoe in Greece, not Chardonnay.(Fletcher is the husband of Janet Fletcher, a chronicle writer.) Again, he will consider red, such as Aglianico, Negroamaro and Nero d'Avola, as well as Portuguese tourism varieties currently grown in some warm places.He pointed out that some Greek varieties, including the new omavro, are seeking to do well in hot weather conditions."They are interesting varieties anyway, even if the weather doesn't warm up," he added ."."As a farmer and winemaker in Mendocino County, climate change is something that John Chiarito, a winemaker in Mendocino County, knows very well."In the 25 years I have grown grapes, I have noticed a change in the season."The rain seems to be coming late and will no longer affect the harvest," he said .".In response to climate change, Chiarito began planting southern Italian varieties Negroamaro and Nero d'Avola in his vineyard."I am very careful to choose those that I will definitely continue to thrive even if the climate changes," he said ."."I have established some relationships with Sicilian producers.As part of it, I learned about wine.The climate here is warmer than here."He found that even in the hot Sicilian weather, all kinds of properties remained in balance and were releasing his first property --Grew into Nero d'Avola in November.4.Unlike the changes in vineyards, the changes in winemaking may be controversial, as they may involve new technologies and techniques, which shocked the traditionalists.These measures include the addition of oak powder during fermentation to reduce the green flavor if growers are forced to pick grapes before they are fully ripe --But lost balance.Consultant Clark Smith is known for developing techniques to manipulate defective wines, including removing excess alcohol and unwanted contamination.Roasted oak powder is like a filter, he notes.It can remove the green Danic acid."If wineries choose to pick fully ripe grapes with high sugar, they may have to adopt more alcohol-reducing techniques than they do today.These include highTechnical reverse osmosis, rotary cone and other operations, or simple water, are already legal and common.Other steps to make wine more like the current popular wine on the market include more acidification and color additives and CoFerment with other grapes to enhance color.Clark added that unbaked pieces of oak can improve the structure of wine made from grapes that have been hung for too long.5.While heat is the most obvious threat to climate change, water may be equally important in the long run and California is expected to have a drought."We can bet on less water in the future," said Steve Matthiasson of the premiere grape cultivation service .".Although grapes grown in a dry climate can control the growth of grapes more by managing irrigation, it may be difficult to find enough water.As a result, growers are taking more drought measures when replantingResistant to grafting.Almost all vineyards in California are watered, although some growers grow without adding water."Dry-"Agriculture makes the roots deeper," said John Williams, a frog who leaps over the vineyard, as a wine merchant who grows this way.The vines will dig deep water themselves, but irrigation will allow the roots to embrace the water and the water drain.This makes them more dependent on irrigation.To solve this problem, Matthiasson uses two transmitters per vine instead of one, and does not often water for long periods of time to encourage deep digging of roots.Most of the vineyards he runs are irrigated, although the amount of irrigation is as small as possible."We see less dehydration in the dry."Planting vineyards is better than irrigation vineyards," he said ."Rain is not the only problem.The wet weather now seems to be coming at an inappropriate time: harvest or germination."This year, we got all the rain in three heavy rains," Matthiasson noted ."."There was a lot of light rain last year.We had a serious late rain the year before.Jon lure of treferson is lucky.Forty years ago, when Gene trefetches planted vineyards, he built ponds for irrigation.He also laid drain pipes in the vineyard to remove excess water that can be stored for irrigation, antifreeze and cooling the vines.In addition, the waste water from the winery is also recovered by trefettro.What happened overseas?Although we didn't see much weather change in the local area, the wineProduction areas in other parts of the world have already encountered adverse and good effects of warming and rainfall changes.Adverse effects include changes in rainfall patterns and drought, as well as high temperatures in Australia, Spain, southern France and Italy, such as very hot (over 100 degrees) in 2003, high temperatures have emerged throughout Europe.Good results include frequent visits to California.Like "Bordeaux wine, the conditions are perfect, like 2005, in the last decade, the grapes have matured better in cooler areas such as Burgundy, Rhine and MOS ValleyAn Yongsong pointed out.Europe's major wine producing areas also have less rain when harvested and less frost in most years.The cool Low Country and Scandinavia have begun to produce wine, and British wines have become commercially viable, and even champagne houses are there to buy properties for vineyards such as Louis Rod and Champagne duLe Roy is considering buying properties for vineyards in Kent and Sussex.2006 Don Covey sparkling wine from the Danish eutrance keresogard Vin won the silver medal in 2007 world wine competition in France.Noto, Italy: Joe Ray's AFP story: This photo of Gulfi wine shows a corner bean tree near Planeta winery near Noto, New Zealand town, March 2007Become a worldWell-known grape varieties such as Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon or Chardonnay are not a simple task, but Sicily has rarelyThe well-known local red grape Nero d'Avola seems to be about to break through.AFP photo (Photo credit should be-/AFP/Getty Images) les Noto, Italy: the AFP story of Joe Ray: This photo from Gulfi wines shows a corner bean tree on March 2007, close to Planeta winery near Noto Sicilian town.Become a worldWell-known grape varieties such as Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon or Chardonnay are not a simple task, but Sicily has rarelyThe well-known local red grape Nero d'Avola seems to be about to break through.AFP photo (Photo credit should be-
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